Rubidium/Strontium
Radiometric Dating
How
reliable is radiometric dating? We are repeatedly told that it proves the Earth
to be billions of years old. If radiometric dating is reliable than it should
not contradict the evolutionary model. According to the Big Bang theory the age
of the Universe is 10 to 15 billion years.^{1} Standard evolutionist
publications give the age of
the universe as 13.75 Billion years. ^{2, 3}
Standard
evolutionist geology views the Earth as being 4.5 billion years old. Here are
some quotes from popular text: “The age
of the Earth is 4.54
± 0.05 billion years.”
^{4 }“The
Solar System, formed between 4.53 and 4.58 billion years ago.”^{ 1} “The age of 4.54 billion years
found for the Solar System and Earth.”^{ 1 }“A
valid age for the Earth of 4.55 billion years.”^{ 5, 6}
If we run the
isotopic ratios give in standard geology magazines through the computer program
Isoplot ^{7} we find that
the Uranium/Thorium/Lead isotopic ratios in the rocks disagree radically with
the Rubidium/Strontium ages. The U/Th/Pb ratios give ages older than the
evolutionist age of the Earth, Solar System, Galaxy and Universe. How can Earth
rocks be dated as being older than the Big Bang?
If we use
isotopic formulas ^{8-11}
given in standard geology text we can arrive at ages from the Rb/Sr and Nd/Sm
ratios. The formula for Rb/Sr age is given as:
[1]
Where t equals the age in
years. l equals the
decay constant. (87Sr/86Sr) = the current isotopic ratio.
(87Sr/86Sr)_{0} = the initial isotopic ratio. (87Rb/86Sr) = the current
isotopic ratio. The same is true for the formula below.
[2]
Here are
examples of isotopic ratios taken from several articles in major geology
magazines which give absolutely absurd dates.
Sm-Nd
And Rb-Sr Isotopic Systematics Of Ureilites
These
meteorite samples were dated in 1991 by scientist from the University of
Arizona, and the University of California. According to the article ^{15} the age of the sample is:
“Whole-rock
samples of these ureilites are highly depleted assemblages (147Sm/144Nd =
0.33-0.35) having Sm-Nd model ages consistent with 4.55 Ga.”. If
we run the Rubidium/Strontium isotope ratios listed in the article ^{16 }through Microsoft Excel
we get the following values:
1.
Sm/Nd Versus Rb/Sr
Dating |
Age |
Age |
Summary |
147Sm/144Nd |
87Rb/86Sr |
Average |
4,170 |
7,759 |
Maximum |
4,912 |
19,652 |
Minimum |
2,929 |
2,423 |
Difference |
1,983 |
17,228 |
2.
Rb/Sr, Maximum Ages
87Rb/86Sr |
87Rb/86Sr |
Age
Sorted |
Age
Sorted |
19,652 |
10,139 |
17,419 |
8,490 |
14,812 |
7,714 |
13,794 |
6,819 |
11,015 |
5,377 |
The
Rb/Sr ratios give a 17 billion year spread of dates. I the Solar System is only
4.5 billion years old how can such stupid dates exist?
Sr,
Nd, Pb And Os Isotopes
These
samples from the Precambrian
crystalline basement of Schirmacher Oasis, East Antarctica were
dated in 2001 by scientist from Germany and Switzerland. ^{17 }According to the essay ^{18} the age of the sample is
1500 million years. If we run the Lead and Rubidium isotope ratios ^{19 }through Isoplot and
Microsoft Excel we get the following values:
3.
Multiple Dating Summary
Dating |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Summary |
207Pb/206Pb |
206Pb/238U |
87Rb/86Sr |
147Sm/144Nd |
Average |
5,069 |
9,857 |
446 |
447 |
Maximum |
5,123 |
11,602 |
448 |
454 |
Minimum |
5,026 |
6,403 |
444 |
439 |
Difference |
97 |
5,198 |
3 |
14 |
4.
U/Pb, Maximum Ages
Age
Sorted |
Age
Sorted |
206Pb/238U |
206Pb/238U |
11,602 |
10,303 |
11,193 |
9,534 |
11,158 |
8,095 |
10,568 |
6,403 |
The
Uranium/Lead dates are 10 to 20 times older than the other two methods. The
author’s choice of the “true age” is just a guess. Five dates are older than the
evolutionist age [10 Billion Years] of the Milky Way
galaxy.
Sr-Nd-Pb
Isotope Systematics Of Mantle Xenoliths
These
samples Somerset
Island, Canadian Arctic were
dated in 2001 by scientist from the University of Quebec. ^{20 }According to the essay ^{20} the age of the sample is
“Sr, Nd, and Pb
isotopic compositions were determined for a suite of Archean garnet peridotite
and garnet pyroxenite xenoliths and their host Nikos kimberlite (100 Ma) from
Somerset Island”. If
we run the Lead and Rubidium isotope ratios ^{21 }through Isoplot and
Microsoft Excel we get the following values:
5.
Multiple Dating Summary
Dating |
87Rb/86Sr |
147Sm/144Nd |
206Pb/238U |
207Pb/206Pb |
Summary |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Average |
243 |
100 |
4,349 |
4,974 |
Maximum |
2,523 |
101 |
9,644 |
5,092 |
Minimum |
65 |
99 |
1,173 |
4,904 |
Difference |
2,458 |
2 |
1,991 |
31 |
6.
U/Pb, Maximum Ages
206Pb/238U |
207Pb/206Pb |
Age
Sorted |
Age
Sorted |
9,644 |
5,092 |
8,218 |
5,001 |
7,359 |
4,996 |
6,417 |
4,992 |
6,280 |
4,989 |
5,273 |
4,987 |
5,231 |
4,986 |
5,213 |
4,985 |
5,033 |
4,980 |
The
Uranium/Lead dates are 10 to 150 times older than the other two methods. The
author’s choice of the “true age” is just a guess. Eighteen dates are older than
the evolutionist age [4.5 Billion Years] of the Earth.
Strontium,
Neodymium, And Lead Isotope Variations
These
samples from the Alpha
Ridge, central Arctic Ocean were
dated in 1997 by scientist from the University
of Wisconsin.
^{22 }According to the essay
^{22} the age of the sample
is “Provenance
changes of silicate sediment deposited during the Late Cenozoic (5-0
Ma)”.
If we run the Lead 207/206 isotope ratios ^{23 }through Isoplot and
Microsoft Excel we get the following values:
7.
Lead 207/206 Dating Summary
Average |
4,986 |
Maximum |
5,239 |
Minimum |
4,960 |
Std
Deviation |
40 |
According
to the essay the true age by the Rb/Sr method is just 5 million years old. That
is 1,000 times younger than the
Lead 207/206 dating method.
Crystallization
History Of Rhyolites At Long Valley
These
samples from Long
Valley, California were
dated in 2002 by scientist from England and The
Netherlands. ^{24 }According to the essay ^{24} the age of the sample is
“In this study, we present ^{87}Rb/^{86}Sr and
^{230}Th/^{238}U isotope analyses of glasses and phenocrysts
from postcaldera rhyolites erupted between 150 to 100 ka from the Long Valley
magmatic system.”
According to various dating charts ^{25 }the samples are only 100
thousand years old. If we run the Lead and Rubidium isotope ratios ^{26 }through Isoplot and
Microsoft Excel we get the following values:
8.
Multiple Dating Summary
Dating |
Age |
Age |
Summary |
87Rb/86Sr |
207Pb/206Pb |
Average |
-2 |
4,953 |
Maximum |
5 |
4,954 |
Minimum |
-16 |
4,951 |
Difference |
21 |
3 |
The
Lead 207/206 date is 49,500 times the so called true age. The Rubidium/Strontium
dates are way off to.
Fluid–Rock
Interaction During Progressive Migration
These
samples from the Cretaceous
Okorusu carbonatite complex (Namibia) were
dated in 2003 by scientist from England, Germany and Brazil. ^{27 }According to the essay ^{27} the age of the sample is
“A crush-leach experiment for fluid inclusions in the hydrothermal quartz
yielded a Rb-Sr isochron age of 103 Ma.” If we
run the Lead and Rubidium isotope ratios ^{28 }through Isoplot and
Microsoft Excel we get the following values:
9.
Multiple Dating Summary
Dating |
87Rb/86Sr |
206Pb/238U |
207Pb/235U |
207Pb/206Pb |
Summary |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Average |
32 |
10,874 |
5,214 |
4,598 |
Maximum |
351 |
36,764 |
10,638 |
5,019 |
Minimum |
0 |
138 |
328 |
2,047 |
Difference |
351 |
36,626 |
10,310 |
2,972 |
10.
U/Pb, Maximum Ages
206Pb/238U |
207Pb/235U |
207Pb/206Pb |
Age
Sorted |
Age
Sorted |
Age
Sorted |
36,764 |
10,638 |
5,019 |
25,353 |
8,816 |
5,013 |
22,728 |
8,372 |
5,000 |
17,110 |
7,449 |
4,990 |
7,145 |
5,517 |
4,943 |
4,321 |
4,632 |
4,937 |
2,955 |
4,257 |
4,888 |
The
206Pb/238U dates are between 29 to 360 times to old. The 207Pb/235U dates are
between 42 to 106 times to old. The 207Pb/206Pb dates are all 50 times to old.
The Rubidium/Strontium dates are way off to.
Constraints
On The U-Pb Isotopic Systematics
These
samples from the Martian meteorite Zagami were
dated in 2005 by scientist from the University of New Mexico.
^{29 }According to the essay ^{29} the age of the sample is
“Although the Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd systems define concordant crystallization
ages of 166 +-6 Ma and 166 +- 12 Ma, respectively, the U-Pb isotopic system is
disturbed. Nevertheless, an age of 156 Ma is derived from the
^{238}U-^{206}Pb isotopic system from the purest mineral
fractions (maskelynite and pyroxene).” If we
run the Lead and Rubidium isotope ratios ^{30 }through Isoplot and
Microsoft Excel we get the following values:
11.
Multiple Dating Summary
Dating |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Summary |
87Rb/86Sr |
207Pb/206Pb |
206Pb/238U |
Average |
4,501 |
5,081 |
2,826 |
Maximum |
6,186 |
5,204 |
6,566 |
Minimum |
4,071 |
4,962 |
218 |
Difference |
2,114 |
242 |
6,348 |
All
the dating methods disagree strongly with each other.
Age
And Radiogenic Isotopic Systematics
These
samples from the
Borden complex of northern Ontario were
dated in 1986 by scientist from Carleton University, Ontario, the University of
California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, and the Ontario Geological Survey.
^{31 }According to the essay ^{31} the age of the sample is
“Rb-Sr
and U-Pb data from the Borden complex of northern Ontario, a carbonatite
associated with the Kapuskasing Structural Zone, indicate a mid-Proterozoic
age. A ^{207}Pb/^{206}Pb age of 1872 ± 13 Ma is interpreted as
the emplacement age of this body, grouping it with other ca.
1900
Ma complexes that are the oldest known carbonatites associated with the
Kapuskasing structure.”
If we run the Lead and Rubidium isotope ratios ^{30 }through Isoplot and
Microsoft Excel we get the following values:
12.
Multiple Dating Summary
Dating |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Summary |
147Sm/144Nd |
87Rb/86Sr |
208Pb/232Th |
207Pb/206Pb |
206Pb/238U |
Average |
1,888 |
3,815 |
115,021 |
5,187 |
38,752 |
Maximum |
1,906 |
9,405 |
124,106 |
5,212 |
44,204 |
Minimum |
1,868 |
1,515 |
107,946 |
5,174 |
31,695 |
Difference |
38 |
7,890 |
16,160 |
38 |
12,509 |
The
maximum 208Pb/232Th age is 82 times older than the minimum 87Rb/86Sr
age. There is a 122 billion year difference between the oldest and youngest
dates. The average 208Pb/232Th age is 115 billion
years. The average 206Pb/238U age is 38 billion
years.
13.
U/Pb, Maximum Ages
Age
Sorted |
Age
Sorted |
Age
Sorted |
208Pb/232Th |
207Pb/206Pb |
206Pb/238U |
124,106 |
5,212 |
44,204 |
119,630 |
5,188 |
41,998 |
116,743 |
5,184 |
41,408 |
113,288 |
5,183 |
38,515 |
108,412 |
5,181 |
34,690 |
107,946 |
5,174 |
31,695 |
Crustal
Age Domains
These
samples from the
Mozambique Belt of Tanzania were
dated in 1998 by scientist from Germany. ^{33 }According to the essay
^{33} the age of the sample is “Most
boundaries of these age domains are overprinted by Neoproterozoic (Pan-African)
tectonism and metamorphism. Granitoids from the Archean craton show Nd model
ages of 2.7–3.1 Ga.”
If we run the Lead and Rubidium isotope ratios ^{34 }through Isoplot and
Microsoft Excel we get the following values:
14.
Multiple Dating Summary
Dating |
Age |
Age |
Summary |
87Rb/86Sr |
207Pb/206Pb |
Average |
2,248 |
5,134 |
Maximum |
2,865 |
5,333 |
Minimum |
1,488 |
5,018 |
Difference |
1,377 |
315 |
If
the Rubidium/Strontium dating is accurate, the 207Pb/206Pb dates are stupid. The
Earth is only supposed to be 4.5 billion years old.
Melt
Peridotite Reactions
These
samples from the
Horoman Peridotite Massif, Japan were
dated in 2010 by scientist from Japan. ^{35 }According to the essay
^{36} the age of the sample is “The Re/Os
isotope data of Saal et al. (2001) gave an apparent melting age of 900 Ma.
Malaviarachchi et al. (2008) reported Sm/Nd and Lu/Hf isochron ages of 1 Ga as
the partial melting age for the Horoman Massif.” If we
run the Lead and Hafnium isotope ratios ^{37 }through Isoplot and
Microsoft Excel we get the following values:
15.
Multiple Dating Summary
Dating |
Age |
Age |
Summary |
207Pb/206Pb |
176Lu/177Hf |
Average |
5,014 |
440 |
Maximum |
5,050 |
955 |
Minimum |
4,999 |
262 |
Difference |
52 |
693 |
The
spread of dates is just random.
If the Hafnium
dating is accurate, the 207Pb/206Pb dates are stupid. The Earth is only supposed
to be 4.5 billion years old.
Feldspathic
Clasts In Yamato-86032
These
samples from the
Yamato meteorite were
dated in 2006 by scientist from USA and Japan. ^{38 }According to the
essay ^{38} the age of the sample is “The Y-86032
protolith formed at least 4.43 ± 0.03 Ga ago as determined from a Sm–Nd isochron
for mineral fragments from the breccia clast composed predominantly of An93
anorthosite and a second clast of more varied composition.” If we
run the 87Rb/86Sr
and 147Sm/144Nd
isotope ratios ^{39 }through Isoplot and Microsoft Excel we get the
following values:
16.
Multiple Dating Summary
Dating |
Age |
Age |
Summary |
87Rb/86Sr |
147Sm/144Nd |
Average |
4,213 |
294,470 |
Maximum |
5,277 |
315,266 |
Minimum |
2,575 |
251,680 |
Difference |
2,703 |
63,586 |
The
maximum 147Sm/144Nd
age
is 122 times older than the minimum 87Rb/86Sr
age. There is a 300 billion year difference between the oldest and youngest
dates. According to the article the initial 143Nd/144Nd
ratio is: “However, eNd for
these data is more appropriately calculated as ENd HED
= -0.64 ± 0.13
relative to initial 143Nd/144Nd obtained at the Johnson Space Center”^{
40 }The
range is thus between -0.51 and -0.77. If
we feed those initial ratios into Microsoft Excel we get the following dating
range:
17. 143Nd/144Nd,
Multiple
Dating Summary
Dating |
143Nd/144Nd |
143Nd/144Nd |
143Nd/144Nd |
Summary |
Initial
= -0.64 |
Initial
= -0.51 |
Initial
= -0.77 |
Average |
294,470 |
278,990 |
308,527 |
Maximum |
315,266 |
299,395 |
329,645 |
Minimum |
251,680 |
237,101 |
264,990 |
Difference |
63,586 |
62,294 |
64,655 |
Using
the initial isotope range we get a minimum age of 250 billion years! We get a
maximum age of 330 billion years!
Cretaceous
Seamounts Along The Continent
These
samples from the
Atlantic sea floor off the coast of Spain were
dated in 2006 by scientist from France. ^{41 }According to the essay
^{41} the age of the sample is “The ages reveal
different pulses of alkaline magmatism occurring at 104.4 ± 1.4 (2r) Ma and
102.8 ± 0.7 Ma on the Sponge Bob seamount, at 96.3 ± 1.0 Ma on Ashton seamount,
at 92.3 ± 3.8 Ma on the Gago Coutinho seamount, at 89.3 ± 2.3 Ma and 86.5 ± 3.4
Ma on the Jo Sister volcanic complex, and at 88.3 ± 3.3 Ma, 88.2 ± 3.9, and 80.5
± 0.9 Ma on the Tore locality.” If we
run the 87Rb/86Sr
and Uranium/Lead
isotope ratios ^{42 }through Isoplot and Microsoft Excel we get the
following values:
18.
Multiple Dating Summary
Dating |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Summary |
207Pb/206Pb |
206Pb/238U |
87Rb/86Sr |
Average |
4,933 |
212 |
105 |
Maximum |
4,943 |
702 |
293 |
Minimum |
4,923 |
91 |
0 |
Difference |
20 |
611 |
293 |
The
three dating methods all disagree with each other. The Lead 207/206 ratios give
dates 50 times to old.
19.
Lead 207/206 Dating Summary
Average |
390 |
Maximum |
2,102 |
Minimum |
-635 |
Difference |
2,737 |
If
we run another set of Lead 207/206 ratios ^{43 }through Isoplot we find
forty three of the Lead 207/206 dates are over 200 million years old. Nine have
negative ages.
Petrology
And Geochemistry Of Target Rocks
These
samples from the
Bosumtwi
impact structure, Ghana were
dated in 1998 by scientist from the University of Vienna, the University of the
Witwatersrand, South Africa and Dartmouth College, New Hampshire. ^{44
}According to the essay ^{44} the age of the sample is
“A
best-fit line for the Bosumtwi crater rocks in a Rb-Sr isotope evolution diagram
yields an “age” of 1.98 Ga, and an initial 87Sr/86Sr ratio of 0.701, which is
close to results previously obtained for granitoid intrusions in the Birimian of
Ghana. Our Nd isotopic data yield depleted mantle model ages ranging from 2.16
to 2.64 Ga,” If we
run the 87Rb/86Sr
isotope ratios ^{45 }through Isoplot and Microsoft Excel we get the
following values:
20.
Rb/Sr Dating Summary
Average |
5,638 |
Maximum |
7,015 |
Minimum |
3,537 |
Difference |
3,478 |
21.
Rb/Sr Dating, Maximum Ages
87Rb/86Sr |
87Rb/86Sr |
87Rb/86Sr |
Maximum
Age |
Maximum
Age |
Maximum
Age |
7,015 |
5,980 |
5,384 |
6,932 |
5,804 |
5,111 |
6,761 |
5,795 |
4,926 |
6,322 |
5,687 |
4,576 |
6,146 |
5,603 |
4,479 |
5,994 |
5,439 |
3,537 |
The
essay claims that the model age is 2.5 billion years. The minimum age obtained
is 3.5 billion years. Fourteen dates are over 5 billion years. The Earth is only
supposed to be 4.5 billion years old.
Geochronology
Of The Deep Profile
These
samples from the
Vredefort
granites in South Africa
were dated in 1981 by scientist from the
University of the Witwatersrand Johannesburg, South Africa.
^{46 }According to the essay ^{46} the age of the sample is
“Rb-Sr
and Th-Pb isochrones of ~3500 m.y. are recorded in the mafic granulite relicts.
A companion paper (Welke and Nicolaysen this issue) provides evidence for an
early crust-forming event in this sector ~3800 m.y. ago. From ~3500 m.y. onward,
these deeper crustal levels did not undergo addition of new Archean
crust-forming material on a major scale.” If we
run the Uranium/Lead
isotope ratios from table 3 in the article ^{47 }through Isoplot and
Microsoft Excel we get the following values:
22.
Uranium/Lead Dating Summary
Dating |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Summary |
208Pb/232Th |
206Pb/238U |
207Pb/206Pb |
Average |
12,145 |
9,103 |
4,841 |
Maximum |
18,319 |
16,498 |
5,337 |
Minimum |
5,652 |
3,865 |
4,168 |
Difference |
12,667 |
12,633 |
1,169 |
23.
Uranium/Lead Dating, Maximum Ages
Age
Sorted |
Age
Sorted |
Age
Sorted |
208Pb/232Th |
206Pb/238U |
207Pb/206Pb |
18,319 |
16,498 |
5,337 |
14,951 |
16,120 |
5,312 |
14,880 |
14,623 |
5,232 |
14,002 |
10,837 |
5,220 |
13,502 |
10,737 |
5,176 |
12,101 |
9,657 |
5,118 |
11,815 |
9,496 |
5,101 |
11,594 |
7,902 |
4,756 |
11,416 |
5,324 |
4,630 |
11,130 |
4,615 |
4,358 |
10,381 |
4,441 |
4,342 |
8,137 |
4,230 |
4,184 |
5,652 |
3,865 |
4,168 |
The
dates are spread over almost 13 billion years between the youngest and oldest.
If we run the Uranium/Lead
isotope ratios from table 7 in the article ^{48 }through Isoplot and
Microsoft Excel we get the following values:
24.
Uranium/Lead Dating Summary
Dating |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Summary |
208Pb/232Th |
206Pb/238U |
207Pb/206Pb |
Average |
24,309 |
15,120 |
5,324 |
Maximum |
64,610 |
25,894 |
6,498 |
Minimum |
10,018 |
3,245 |
4,868 |
Difference |
54,592 |
22,649 |
1,629 |
25.
Uranium/Lead Dating, Maximum Ages
Age |
Age |
Age |
208Pb/232Th |
206Pb/238U |
207Pb/206Pb |
64,610 |
25,894 |
6,498 |
50,397 |
22,874 |
5,381 |
40,744 |
20,347 |
5,361 |
33,172 |
19,156 |
5,350 |
28,598 |
18,933 |
5,347 |
26,293 |
18,341 |
5,331 |
18,726 |
16,394 |
5,329 |
15,999 |
16,373 |
5,317 |
14,346 |
15,949 |
5,314 |
13,998 |
15,794 |
5,309 |
13,743 |
14,580 |
5,295 |
11,902 |
14,220 |
5,239 |
11,255 |
13,743 |
5,226 |
10,840 |
12,171 |
5,223 |
10,018 |
10,175 |
5,221 |
The
dates are spread over a 61 billion year range, between the youngest and oldest.
If we run the Uranium/Lead
isotope ratios from table 4 in the article ^{49 }through Isoplot and
Microsoft Excel we get the following values:
26.
Uranium/Lead Dating Summary
Dating |
Age |
Age |
Summary |
207Pb/235U |
206Pb/238U |
Average |
3,220 |
3,446 |
Maximum |
3,660 |
4,798 |
Minimum |
2,931 |
2,889 |
Difference |
728 |
1,909 |
If
we run the Rubidium/Strontium
isotope ratios from tables 2, 5, 6 and 8 in the article ^{50 }through
Microsoft Excel we get the following values:
27.
Rubidium/Strontium
Dating Summary
Rb/Sr
Dating |
Table
2 |
Table
5 |
Table
6 |
Table
8 |
Summary |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Average |
2,982 |
3,514 |
2,812 |
2,333 |
Maximum |
3,038 |
4,523 |
2,888 |
2,423 |
Minimum |
2,886 |
2,848 |
2,726 |
2,192 |
Difference |
152 |
1,675 |
161 |
231 |
Again
the author’s choice of “true” dates and dating method is just random and
meaningless.
Mechanisms
For Incompatible-Element Enrichment
These
samples from the
meteorite
Northwest Africa 032 were
dated in 2008 by scientist from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,
the University of New Mexico, the University of California, Berkeley and Arizona
State University.
^{51 }According to the essay ^{51} the age of the sample is
“Rubidium–Sr isotopic analyses yield an age of 2947 ± 16 Ma.” Two
different diagrams ^{52 }affirm this as the true age. If we run the
Rubidium/Strontium
isotope ratios from table 3 in the article ^{53 }through Microsoft Excel
we get the following values:
28.
Rubidium/Strontium
Dating Summary
Average |
5,795 |
Maximum |
13,933 |
Minimum |
2,889 |
Difference |
11,044 |
Out
of the 11 isotope ratios, three gave ages over 10 billion years old. Two gave
ages over 4 billion years old.
A
Non-Cognate Origin Of The Gibeon Kimberlites
These
samples from the
Gibeon Province,
Namibia were
dated in 2001 by scientist from England and the Netherlands.
^{54 }According to the essay ^{55} the age of the sample is 72
million years old. If we run the various
isotope ratios from the article ^{56 }through Microsoft Excel we get the
following values:
29.
Multiple
Dating Summary
Dating |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Summary |
87Rb/86Sr |
147Sm/144Nd |
207Pb/206Pb |
Average |
107 |
72 |
4,963 |
Maximum |
411 |
74 |
5,044 |
Minimum |
-34 |
70 |
4,907 |
Difference |
444 |
5 |
137 |
The
Lead dates are 50 times older than the Rubidium dates. The Rubidium dates were
spread over a 444 million year range. The authors choice of the “true” age is
just a guess.
Zircon
U–Pb Geochronology
These
samples from the
Shandong
Province (Luxi), in the North China Craton were
dated in 2007 by scientist from China and Canada.
^{60 }According to the essay ^{60} the age of the sample is 144
billion years old. If we run the various
isotope ratios from the article ^{59 }through Microsoft Excel we get the
following values:
30.
Multiple
Dating Summary
Dating |
Age |
Age |
Age |
Summary |
87Rb/86Sr |
207Pb/206Pb |
147Sm/144Nd |
Average |
143 |
5,052 |
131 |
Maximum |
145 |
5,107 |
144 |
Minimum |
139 |
4,999 |
-11 |
Difference |
6 |
108 |
155 |
Radiometric
Ages Of Basaltic Achondrites
These
meteorite samples were dated in 1997 by scientist from the
Carnegie
Institution of Washington.
^{60 }According to the essay ^{60} the age of the sample is 4.4
billion years old. If we run the various
isotope ratios from the article ^{59 }through Microsoft Excel we get the
following values:
207Pb/P06Pb |
Table
1 |
Table
2 |
Dating |
Age
Summary |
Age
Summary |
Average |
4,941 |
4,686 |
Maximum |
5,135 |
5,081 |
Minimum |
4,557 |
4,371 |
Difference |
578 |
711 |
Conclusion
As
we have seen in this essay, such a perfect evolutionist fit is attained by
selecting data and ignoring other data. A careful study of the latest research
shows that such perfection is illusionary at best. The Bible believer who
accepts the creation account literally has no problem with such unreliable
dating methods. Much of the data in evolutionist’s books is selectively taken to
suit and ignores data to the contrary.
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